The transnational nature of surrogacy – with intended parents often crossing national boundaries to achieve their desire of become parents – has meant that individual states have difficulty taking decisive action to regulate this practice. Moreover, surrogacy remains a highly politicised ethical issue, with different responses to the question of whether surrogacy should be permitted, and if so, on what grounds.
This book is the first comprehensive engagement with surrogacy and surrounding issues in Latin America in the English language. It examines the approaches taken in Latin American jurisdictions, bringing together experts from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico and Uruguay. It provides an overview of the national developments and current legal reform processes in their historical and societal contexts and puts these developments into a global perspective.
The aim of this book is to shed light on the difficult ethical dilemmas arising from the practice of surrogacy, by mapping the different ways in which states in Latin America have responded to surrogacy, both within their own borders, and when an international agreement takes place involving one of their citizens. Each chapter includes a discussion of the laws concerning the establishment and contestation of legal parentage through surrogacy under domestic law; the rules and laws concerning surrogacy arrangements on a domestic level; and approaches to recognition of legal parenthood acquired through surrogacy in other jurisdictions. In addition, the chapters consider the socio-economic context of surrogacy in the chosen jurisdictions, through questions concerning the profile of surrogate mothers and commissioning parents, the involvement of intermediaries, and the nature of the interactions between these parties.
The book provides a comprehensive understanding of the confluences and tensions in the way surrogacy is approached in these jurisdictions, and seeks to identify trends emerging from these different regions. In doing so, Surrogacy in Latin America seeks to contribute to the greater understanding of the regulation of surrogacy throughout the world, and will serve as a reference work for anyone involved in practice, academia or law reform in this subject area.